NISPA

Nijmegen Institute for Scientist-Practitioners in Addiction

Addiction in developmental perspective: influence of conduct disorder severity, subtype, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder on problem severity and comorbidity in adults with opioid dependence.

TitelAddiction in developmental perspective: influence of conduct disorder severity, subtype, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder on problem severity and comorbidity in adults with opioid dependence.
PublicatietypeJournal Article
Jaar van publicatie2012
AuteursCarpentier PJ, Knapen LJM, Van Gogh MT, Buitelaar JK, DeJong CA
UitgaveJ Addict Dis
Volume31
Nummer1
Pagina's45-59
Publicatiedatum2012
ISSN1545-0848
TrefwoordenAdult, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Conduct Disorder, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Narcotics, Opioid-Related Disorders, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic Factors
Samenvatting

This retrospective cross-sectional study examines whether conduct disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are associated with problem severity and psychiatric comorbidity in 193 middle-aged, opioid-dependent patients. Conduct disorder history, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, psychiatric comorbidity, and problem severity were assessed by structured interviews and validated instruments. A conduct disorder history was confirmed in 116 (60.1%) participants. Conduct disorder patients had significantly higher problem severity scores, more frequent comorbid substance use disorders, and more severe psychiatric comorbidity. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder was found to increase the risk for psychiatric comorbidity. Conduct disorder persistence is a useful model for elucidating complex psychiatric comorbidity of opioid-dependent patients.

DOI10.1080/10550887.2011.642756
Alternatieve uitgaveJ Addict Dis
PubMed ID22356668