NISPA

Nijmegen Institute for Scientist-Practitioners in Addiction

Cognitive deficits in problematic drinkers with and without mild to borderline intellectual disability.

TitelCognitive deficits in problematic drinkers with and without mild to borderline intellectual disability.
PublicatietypeJournal Article
Jaar van publicatie2016
Auteursvan Duijvenbode N, Didden R, VanDerNagel JEl, Korzilius HPlm, Engels RCme
UitgaveJ Intellect Disabil
Pagina's1744629516664840
Publicatiedatum2016 Jan 01
ISSN1744-6309
Samenvatting

We examined cognitive deficits in problematic drinkers with and without mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID). Problematic drinkers were expected to show a significantly lower estimated performance IQ (PIQ), but not a lower estimated verbal IQ (VIQ), compared to light drinkers. Participants ( N = 474) were divided into four groups based on IQ and severity of alcohol use-related problems. IQ was estimated using (a short form of) the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale third edition. Severity of alcohol use-related problems was assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test. Overall, there were no significant differences between light and problematic drinkers on estimated VIQ. Within the group without MBID, estimated PIQ was significantly lower. Estimated PIQ was not lower in problematic drinkers with MBID compared to light drinkers with MBID. The results are indicative of cognitive deficits in problematic drinkers without MBID. Screening for cognitive deficits with additional instruments is advised.

DOI10.1177/1744629516664840
Alternatieve uitgaveJ Intellect Disabil
PubMed ID27555557