NISPA

Nijmegen Institute for Scientist-Practitioners in Addiction

Cognitive deficits in problematic drinkers with and without mild to borderline intellectual disability

TitelCognitive deficits in problematic drinkers with and without mild to borderline intellectual disability
PublicatietypeJournal Article
Jaar van publicatie2018
AuteursDuijvenbode vanN, Didden R, VanDerNagel JEL, Korzilius HPLM, Engels RCME
UitgaveJournal of Intellectual Disabilities
Volume22
Nummer1
Pagina's5-17
Samenvatting

We examined cognitive deficits in problematic drinkers with and without mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID). Problematic drinkers were expected to show a significantly lower estimated performance IQ (PIQ), but not a lower estimated verbal IQ (VIQ), compared to light drinkers. Participants (N = 474) were divided into four groups based on IQ and severity of alcohol use-related problems. IQ was estimated using (a short form of) the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale third edition. Severity of alcohol use-related problems was assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test. Overall, there were no significant differences between light and problematic drinkers on estimated VIQ. Within the group without MBID, estimated PIQ was significantly lower. Estimated PIQ was not lower in problematic drinkers with MBID compared to light drinkers with MBID. The results are indicative of cognitive deficits in problematic drinkers without MBID. Screening for cognitive deficits with additional instruments is advised.