Nijmegen Institute for Scientist-Practitioners in Addiction

Sex role stereotypes and clinical judgement: how therapists view their alcoholic patients.

TitelSex role stereotypes and clinical judgement: how therapists view their alcoholic patients.
PublicatietypeJournal Article
Jaar van publicatie1993
AuteursDeJong CA, van den Brink W, Jansen JA
UitgaveJ Subst Abuse Treat
Publicatiedatum1993 Jul-Aug
TrefwoordenAdult, Alcoholism, Attitude of Health Personnel, Female, Gender Identity, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Netherlands, Patient Admission, Personality Assessment, Professional-Patient Relations, Psychotherapy, Stereotyping, Substance Abuse Treatment Centers

In the course of a selection procedure for inpatient treatment in an addiction clinic, it was repeatedly noticed that the attitude of staff-members towards male alcoholics was more confronting and critical as compared to a more empathic and supportive attitude towards female alcoholics. Two different processes may account for this phenomenon. Firstly, male and female alcoholics may differ in their interpersonal behaviour towards therapists, and subsequently these different behaviours evoke different attitudes and behaviours in therapists (interaction-hypothesis). Secondly, these different attitudes towards male and female patients may emerge from preconceived ideas among therapists about male and female alcoholics (stereotype-hypothesis). This study describes the stereotypes held by therapists regarding the interpersonal behaviour of male and female alcoholics. Furthermore, it explores the influence of self perceived interpersonal behaviour of therapists on these stereotypes. The results suggest, that the differences in attitude and behaviour towards alcoholics are--at least partly--the result of different male and female alcoholic stereotypes held by therapists. These stereotypes were related to the self perceived interpersonal behaviour of the therapist. Pretreatment matching of patients and therapists should be based on interpersonal attitude rather than on sex.

Alternatieve uitgaveJ Subst Abuse Treat
PubMed ID8411297